Mon. Jun 17th, 2024

Common Alternatives

Creating Futures Beyond Capital and Carbon

Selected List of Recent Studies on Post-Neoliberal / Post-capitalist Alternatives

9 min read

S A Hamed Hosseini

Alternatives to Capitalist Justice and Liberal Democracy

Examples are (1) New Social Democracy paradigm (or in particular Universal Basic Income, Job Guarantee or Full Employment, Progressive Taxation, participatory budgeting, etc.); OR (2) New Socialisms paradigm (or in particular, Cooperativism like Workplace Democracy or worker-owned/managed cooperatives, Economic Democracy, Democratic Economy, Solidarity Economy, Community Economies, Anarchism,  Commons, Convivialism, or Participatory Economy)

  1. Block, F (2011) ‘Ted’ Wheelwright Memorial Lecture REINVENTING SOCIAL DEMOCRACY FOR THE 21(ST) CENTURY. Journal of Australian Political Economy, (67): 5-21.
  2. Leech, G. (2012) Capitalism: A Structured Genocide, [Chapter 7- The Socialist Alternative] (London: Zed Books).
  3. Hahnel, R. (2005) Economic Justice and Democracy, [Chapter 8- Participatory Economy], (New York: Routledge).
  4. Kawano, E. (2018). Solidarity Economy: Building an economy for people & planet. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  5. Francese, M., & Prady, D. (2018). What is universal basic income? Proponents hail simplicity and equity; skeptics worry about fiscal cost and incentives. Finance and Development, 55(4), pp. 38-39.
  6. Levin-Waldman, O. M. (2018). The inevitability of a universal basic income. Challenge, 61(2), pp. 133-155. Retrieved from 
  7. Swift, R. (2002) The No-Nonsense Guide to Democracy, [Chapter 4 – Democratizing the Economy] (London: Verso).
  8. Malleson T. (2014) After Occupy Economic Democracy for the 21st Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter 1 Economic Democracy:
  9. Maheshvarananda D. (2012) After Capitalism: Economic Democracy in Action, San German, PR: Innerworld Publications. (Chapter 5 – Cooperatives for Better World) pp. 103-123
  10. Schweickart, D. (2016). Economic democracy: An ethically desirable socialism that is economically viable. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  11. Nembhard, J. G. (2016). Building a cooperative solidarity commonwealth. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  12. Restakis, J. (2017). Cooperative commonwealth & the partner state. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  13. Barrett, J. (2016). Basic income in Australia and New Zealand: perspectives from the neoliberal frontier. Labour & Industry-a Journal of the Social and Economic Relations of Work, 26(4), 320-321, doi:10.1080/10301763.2016.1240767.
  14. De Wispelaere, J. (2016). Basic Income in Our Time: Improving Political Prospects Through Policy Learning? Journal of Social Policy, 45(4), 617-634, doi:10.1017/S0047279416000039.
  15. De Wispelaere, J., & Stirton, L. (2004). The many faces of universal basic income. Political Quarterly, 75(3), 266-274, doi: DOI 10.1111/j.1467-923X.2004.00611.x.
  16. Eaton K. (2013) The Centralism of ‘Twenty-First-Century Socialism’: Recentralizing Politics in Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia. Journal of Latin American Studies 45(421-450.
  17. Ellner S. (2012) The Distinguishing Features of Latin America’s New Left in Power The Chavez, Morales, and Correa Governments. Latin American Perspectives 39(1): 96-114.
  18. Fabricant N. (2015) Latin America’s Turbulent Transitions: The Future of Twenty-first-Century Socialism. Latin American Perspectives 42(4): 113-116.
  19. Fitzpatrick T. (2004) After the New Social Democracy Social Welfare for the 21st Century. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  20. Goldfrank B and Schrank A. (2009) Municipal Neoliberalism and Municipal Socialism: Urban Political Economy in Latin America. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 33(2): 443-462.
  21. Healy, S; Murphy, M &Reynolds, B (2013) ‘Basic income: An instrument for transformation in the twenty-first century’, Social justice Ireland, vol.21, no.2, pp. 116-130
  22. Jahn, J. E. (2016). Basic Income. A Transformative Policy for India. South Asia-Journal of South Asian Studies, 39(4), 922-924, doi:10.1080/00856401.2016.1237276.
  23. Kennemore A and Weeks G. (2011) Twenty-First Century Socialism? The Elusive Search for a Post-Neoliberal Development Model in Bolivia and Ecuador. Bulletin of Latin American Research 30(3): 267-281.
  24. Leopold E and McDonald DA. (2012) Municipal Socialism Then and Now: some lessons for the Global South. Third World Quarterly 33(10): 1837-1853.
  25. Minqi L. (2004) After Neoliberalism: Empire, Social Democracy, or Socialism? Monthly Review, 55. (accessed 20 July 2005).
  26. Muhr T. (2012) Bolivarian Globalization? The New Left’s Struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean to Negotiate a Revolutionary Approach to Humanitarian Militarism and International Intervention. Globalizations 9(1): 145-159.
  27. Standing, G (2013) ‘Why a basic income is necessary for a right to work’, Basic income studies, vol.7, no. 2, pp. 19-40
  28. Ulrich, P (2014) ‘Basic income for all: Unaffordable dream of real option for a civil society?’, Homo Oeconomicus, vol.31, no. 1/2, pp.147-157
  29. van Parijs, P. (2004). Basic income: A simple and powerful idea for the twenty-first century. Politics & Society, 32(1), 7-39, doi:10.1177/0032329203261095.
  30. Van Parijs, P. (2013). The Universal Basic Income: Why Utopian Thinking Matters, and How Sociologists Can Contribute to It. Politics & Society, 41(2), 171-182, doi:10.1177/0032329213483106.
  31. Boillat S, Gerber JF and Funes-Monzote FR. (2012) What Economic Democracy for Degrowth? Some comments on the contribution of socialist models and Cuban agroecology. Futures 44(6): 600-607.
  32. Cheney G, Cruz IS, Peredo AM, et al. (2014) Worker cooperatives as an organizational alternative: Challenges, achievements and promise in business governance and ownership. Organization 21(5): 591-603.
  33. Engler A. (2010) Economic Democracy: The Working-Class Alternative to Capitalism, Halifax, N.S.: Fernwood Pub.
  34. Errasti A. (2015) Mondragon’s Chinese subsidiaries: Coopitalist multinationals in practice. Economic and Industrial Democracy 36(3): 479-499.
  35. Flecha R and Ngai P. (2014) The challenge for Mondragon: Searching for the cooperative values in times of internationalization. Organization 21(5): 666-682.
  36. Heras-Saizarbitoria I. (2014) The ties that bind? Exploring the basic principles of worker-owned organizations in practice. Organization 21(5): 645-665.
  37. Johanisova N and Wolf S. (2012) Economic democracy: A path for the future? Futures 44(6): 562-570.
  38. Langford T. (2015) Union Democracy as a Foundation for a Participatory Society: A Theoretical Elaboration and Historical Example. Labour-Le Travail 76): 79-+.
  39. Lansbury RD. (2009) Workplace Democracy and the Global Financial Crisis. Journal of Industrial Relations 51(5): 599-616.
  40. Lavenia P. (2013) The Defetishized Society: New Economic Democracy as a Libertarian Alternative to Capitalism. Political Studies Review 11(2): 250-251.
  41. Melman S. (2001) After capitalism: from managerialism to workplace democracy, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  42. Christiano, T. (2010) ‘The Uneasy Relationship between Democracy and Capital’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 27 (1): 195-217.
  43. Gingerich, D. W. (2009) Corruption and Political Decay: Evidence from Bolivia, Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 4(1), pp. 1-34.
  44. Lansbury, R. D. (2009) Workplace Democracy and the Global Financial Crisis, Journal of Industrial Relations, 51(5), pp. 599-616.
  45. Polko, A. (2015). Models of participatory budgeting: the case study of Polish city. Journal of Economics & Management, 19, 34-44.
  46. Ould Ahmed P. (2015) What does ‘solidarity economy’ mean? Contours and feasibility of a theoretical and political project. Business Ethics: A European Review 24(4): 425-435.
  47. Eugenia S and Lambrini P. (2017) Radical Documentaries, Neoliberal Crisis and Post-Democracy. tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique 16(1): 1-17.
  48. Betancourt R. (2018) Social and Solidarity Economy and the Transformation of the Cuban Economic Model. International Journal of Cuban Studies 10(2): 209.
  49. Guttmann A. (2019) The Social Solidarity Economy: Discerning its Theory to Accommodate the Commons. 18(2): 43-57.
  50. Dacheux E and Goujon D. (2011) The solidarity economy: an alternative development strategy? International Social Science Journal 62(203/204): 205

Eco-centric Alternatives to Green Capitalism

 Examples are (1) Reformists like Circular Economy, Transhumanism, Sustainable Development, Green Economy; (2) more radicals like De-growth or No-growth, Green Localism (like Ecovillage Movement, Permaculture), Energy Democracy, Ecosocialism, Eco-feminism, Eco-Anarchism, Ecological Democracy, Climate Justice, Food Sovereignty, Biocivilization, etc.

  1. Wall, Derek (2005) Babylon and Beyond: The Economics of Anti-capitalist, Anti-globalist and Radical Green Movements, London; Ann Arbor, Michigan: Pluto Press. (Chapter 4 – Small is Beautiful: Green Localism) pp. 64-83
  2. Demaria, F, Schneider, F, Sekulova, F & Martinez-Alier, J (2013) ‘What is degrowth? From an activist slogan to a social movement’, Environmental Values, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 191–215.
  3. Baer, H. A. (2016). Toward democratic eco-socialism as the next world system. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  4. Brownhill L and Turner TE. (2019) Ecofeminism at the Heart of Ecosocialism. Capitalism Nature Socialism 30(1): 1-10.
  5. Leigh Brownhill & Terisa E. Turner (2020) Ecofeminist Ways, Ecosocialist Means: Life in the Post-capitalist Future, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 31:1, 1-14, DOI:10.1080/10455752.2019.1710362: 
  6. Smith, R. (2016). Six theses on saving the planet. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  7. Victor, P. A., & Jackson, T. (2016). Towards a new, green economy. The Next System Project. Retrieved from
  8. Building Community Capacity for Energy Democracy: A Deck of Strategies:
  9. Bregje Van Veelen (2018) Negotiating energy democracy in practice: governance processes in community energy projects, Environmental Politics, 27:4, 644-665, DOI:   
  10. Szulecki, K. (2018). Conceptualizing energy democracy. Environmental Politics, 27(1), pp. 21-41. doi:
  11. Hailwood, S. (2003). Eco-anarchism and liberal reformism. Ecotheology: Journal of Religion, Nature & the Environment, 8 (2), pp. 224-241.
  12. Barbier, E. (2010). A global green new deal: Rethinking the economic recovery. Cambridge University Press. Asara, V, Profumi, E and Kallis, G (2013) Degrowth, Democracy and Autonomy. Environmental Values, 22(2): 217-239.
  13. Asici AA and Bunul Z. (2012) Green New Deal: A Green Way out of the Crisis? Environmental Policy and Governance 22(5): 295-306.
  14. Betto F and Lowy M. (2010) Ecosocialism spirituality and supportability. Pensee 363): 91-+.
  15. Boillat, S, Gerber, JF and Funes-Monzote, FR (2012) What economic democracy for degrowth? Some comments on the contribution of socialist models and Cuban agroecology. Futures, 44(6): 600-607.
  16. D’Alisa, G, Demaria, F & Cattaneo, C (2013) ‘Civil and Uncivil Actors for a Degrowth Society’, Journal of Civil Society, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 212-224.
  17. Dawson, A. 2010, ‘Climate Justice: The Emerging Movement against Green Capitalism’, South Atlantic Quarterly, 109: 2, pp. 313 – 338.
  18. Deriu, M (2012) Democracies with a future: Degrowth and the democratic tradition. Futures, 44(6): 553-561.
  19. Gibson-Graham, JK, Cameron, J and Healy, S (2013) Take back the economy: an ethical guide for transforming our communities, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press. (community economics)
  20. Goodman, J., & Salleh, A. (2013). The “Green Economy’: Class Hegemony and Counter-Hegemony. Globalizations, 10(3), 411-424, doi:10.1080/14747731.2013.787770.
  21. Hong S and Vicdan H. (2016) Re-imagining the utopian: Transformation of a sustainable lifestyle in ecovillages. Journal of Business Research 69(1): 120-136.
  22. [Accessed 12 Nov. 2004 2].
  23. Huan QZ. (2010) Eco-socialism in an Era of Capitalist Globalisation: Bridging the West and the East. Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation: 3-12.
  24. Huan QZ. (2010) Growth Economy and Its Ecological Impacts upon China: An Eco-socialist Analysis. Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation: 191-203.
  25. Kovel J. (2014) Ecosocialism as a Human Phenomenon. Capitalism Nature Socialism 25(1): 10-23.
  26. Mies, M., Shiva, V., & Salleh, A (2014). Ecofeminism. Zed Books. Retrieved from
  27. Moore N. (2008) Eco/Feminism, Non-Violence and the Future of Feminism. International Feminist Journal of Politics 10(3): 282-298.
  28. Moore N. (2011) Eco/feminism and rewriting the ending of feminism: From the Chipko movement to Clayoquot Sound. Feminist Theory 12(1): 3-21.
  29. Mortimer-Sandilands C. (2008) Eco/Feminism on the Edge. International Feminist Journal of Politics 10(3): 305-313.
  30. Park M. (2013) Imagining a Just and Sustainable Society: A Critique of Alternative Economic Models in the Global Justice Movement. Critical Sociology 39(1): 65-85.
  31. Pepper D. (2010) On Contemporary Eco-socialism. Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation: 33-44.
  32. Quilley, S. (2013) De-Growth Is Not a Liberal Agenda: Relocalisation and the Limits to Low Energy Cosmopolitanism, Environmental Values, 22(2), pp. 261-85.
  33. Rakopoulos T. (2013) Responding to the crisis: food co-operatives and the solidarity economy in Greece. Anthropology Southern Africa 36(3-4): 102-107.
  34. RIPESS (2012) The Economy we need: Declaration of the Social and Solidarity Economy movement at Rio+20,,
  35. Romano, O (2012) How to rebuild democracy, re-thinking degrowth. Futures, 44(6): 582-589.
  36. Salleh A. (2010) How the Ecological Footprint Is Sex-Gendered Implications of Eco-feminism for an Eco-socialist Theory and Praxis. Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation: 141-147.
  37. Sarkar S. (2010) Prospects for Eco-socialism. Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation: 207-222.
  38. Schneider, F, Kallis, G and Martinez-Alier, J (2010) Crisis or opportunity? Economic degrowth for social equity and ecological sustainability. Introduction to this special issue. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18(6): 511-518.
  39. Smith, R (2014) ‘Green capitalism: the god that failed’, Our Place in the World: A Journal of Ecosocialism, viewed 31 May 2016
  40. Sweeney, S (2015) ‘Green capitalism won’t work’, New Labor Forum, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 12-17.
  41. Vakoch DA. (2011) Ecofeminism and Rhetoric Critical Perspectives on Sex, Technology, and Discourse. New York: Berghahn Books, 1 online resource (201 p.).

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